Conditioning is probably one of the most misunderstood components in training for sport. In the quest to “get in shape” or become more “fit” many athletes turn to aerobic based conditioning or training methods to prepare for sport. Unfortunately most athletes and even sport coaches fail to understand the energy system demands of their own sport and unintentionally train themselves off the field. What do I mean by training themselves off the field?
Training yourself off the field basically would be defined as over-conditioning resulting in overuse injuries, de-conditioning or conditioning methods that defy the appropriate energy demands needed for the sport you are training for. An example would be a 100 meter sprinter running a 5k race to prepare for sprinting events or a football offensive lineman running 100 yard shuttles to get in “game shape”. Doesn’t make sense right, but the scary thing is that this goes on all over America in youth, high school, collegiate and even professional sports because our sport coaches refuse to better understand the physical demands of their own game.
Ok, without getting too in depth into the physiology of energy demands I will give you a quick crash course in what strength & conditioning coaches call bioenergetics. The human body has three different energy systems that fuel movement of the body. The first energy system we call the ATP-CP system. This system is used for very short powerful movements of up to 10 seconds. Examples: Baseball swing, pitchers throw from the mound, 40 yard sprint, golf swing or a slap-shot. The second energy system we call is the anaerobic system or gylcolytic system. This system is used for movements lasting less than 2 minutes so your examples would be a 400m sprint, an end to end rush up field in lacrosse, hockey or soccer. Last but not least the third system of energy delivery is the aerobic system. The aerobic system is our long duration energy system that usually kicks in fully at approximately 5 minutes of continuous exercise.
So what you would need to do is match the above energy systems to the actual physical demands of the sport you play. So obviously if you play lacrosse the energy systems used to play the game ufabet วิธีสมัคร would be a combination of the ATP-CP system as well as the gylcolytic system because lacrosse is a combination of intermittent explosive bouts 0-10s combined with start and stop sprints 0- 120s. Soccer, hockey, field hockey, and tennis would fall into this same category, tennis for example being more ATP-CP driven than gylcolytic but still utilizing both energy systems. Then you have your true American power sports such as football and baseball which are fueled almost entirely off the ATP-CP system and gylcolytic energy systems. Baseball requires 0% off the aerobic energy system and football less than 5% off the aerobic energy system. Here is where the article gets interesting!
What is going on in American sports? As a strength & conditioning coach in the private sector it has given me the opportunity to observe the different training methods of sport coaches and how they approach skill training combined with conditioning for their athletes. I hate to admit it but it is why I got out of the professional and collegiate sectors of strength & conditioning. You are hired as a specialist to train athletes to reduce injury potential and improve sport performance so obviously as a specialist you have a superior knowledge of the energy system demands for that sport, strength demands, and special needs of that sport for each player and position right? Well you would think so but it is not so easy.